Pace Landscaping

PERENNIALS

 

Bleeding hearts     dicentra

-graceful, soft green foliage.  Prefers shade

            - foliage usually goes dormant no later than mid-summer

 

Bugleweed       ajuga

          -slow invasive prostrate groundcover with attractive vertical spikes of flowers in             late spring, and semi-evergreen foliage for year-round interest.

            -flowering stalks may be removed or entire patch may be cutback after bloom to

             enhance the foliage effect through summer.

 

Coral Bells     heuchera

          -showy foliage, semi-evergreen perennial with a radiating tight clump of green,   purple, or marbled foliage, also having diminutive fine-textured flowers on thin    stalks rising high above the foliage

            -reblooming encouraged by dead-heading

 

Coreopsis     coreopsis verticillata

-perennial that has cut-leaf foliage and a relatively long bloom period in Summer

- rebloom if deadheaded

 

Daylily     hemerocallis

          -perennial effectively used along borders, wide edgings, or in mass plantings,      commonly planted in sunny sites but also used in partially shaded areas, noted for    

            showy summer-blooming, trumpet-shaped flowers with many colors to choose   

            from.

            -remove dead, previous year's foliage in early spring prior to new growth.

 

Dianthus     dianthus  gratianopolitianus

          -Low growing blue-green foliage often used as groundcover

            -rebloom if deadheaded

 

Black-eyed Susan     Rudbeckia  

            -A showy and durable perennial with dark green foliage.  Yellow daisy like flower with black cone from July through September

          -prune after flowering

 

Dwarf  Goatsbeard     aruncus aethusifolius

            -Mounding dark green foliage.  Flowers are cream colored 12" tall spikes in early          summer

 

 

False Spirea     astilbe

            -Herbaceuos perennial with dark green compound leaves and fluffy flower   

              Spikes.        

            -remove debris from previous year's growth in early spring, before new growth

             emerges.

 

Cranesbill    hardy geranium

-bushy herbaceous perennial that can be used alone or as a ground cover  and has light green round leaves with curvy edges

- rebloom if deadheaded

 

Hardy Lily     lilium

-Hardy lilies emerge from bulbs and have a single long stem with pairs or clusters of leaves emerging along its length. Depending upon variety chosen, may need staking.

-require only minimal care

 

Hosta

-bold-textured foliage perennial for partial sun to full shade conditions, also having moderately attractive flowers on long stalks in Summer

-Division in early Autumn or early Spring

 

Lungwort     pulmonaria

-perennial with excellent blue and pink flowers and speckled silvery-green foliage, best sited in partial shade to full shade

-remove older leaves to encourage plant to rejuvenate during the heat of the summer.

 

Myrtle     vinca

            -evergreen groundcover for sun or shade with lavender-blue flowers in May

-a light mulch will retain soil moisture and reduce the invasion of weeds until established.

 

Pachysandra     pachysandra terminalis

          -Glossy evergreen groundcover for shady areas

            - a light mulch will retain soil moisture and reduce the invasion of weeds

 

Peony     paeonia

          -Hardy herbaceous perennial that boast large flowers in early summer

 -cut down and remove leaves after frost dieback. Natural sugars in the flowers will attract ants so not recommended for foundation plantings.

 

 

 

 

Purple Coneflower      echinacea

-perennial for sunny to partially shady sites, with a distinctive array of Summer-blooming pink-lavender or white-cream flowers. Many new varieties available now with color choices of yellows, peaches, oranges and hot pinks.

- rebloom if deadheaded

 

Salvia     salvia nemerosa

-Perennial for sunny areas in the front of  the garden. Spikes of lovely purple flowers

            -rebloom if deadheaded

 

 

Shasta Daisy     leucanthemum

-Summer white floral display above lush dark green foliage, with an overall upright to rounded habit. Does best in full sun.

-periodically deadhead to remove unsightly spent flowers and to promote further flowering.

 

Silver Mound      artemisia

          -silver-foliage, fine-textured, mounding perennial that serves as an excellent        edging plant

            -splitting can be prevented or delayed by shearing the foliage back halfway in     July, before flowering begins

 

Wisteria

-architecturally useful, showy woody vine that is cherished for its extremely fragrant, pendulous spring blossoms that are often blue-purple in color. Plants

generally don't bloom until five years of age.

-Prune back hard every year, either after frost or in late winter/early spring

 

BROADLEAF EVERGREANS

Shrubs

 

Boxwood     buxus

          -slow-growing, fine-textured, dense evergreen shrub or hedge

            - can be sheared into a formal hedge, shrub, or topiary

 

Euonymus     euonymus fortunei

          -small broadleaf evergreen shrub with many variegated cultivars

            -shearing in early Spring,  prune leaders

 

Gold thread false cypress     chamaecyparis

          -Brilliant gold foliage with drooping branches

            -prune after new growth in late spring

 

Holly     ilex meserveae

-cold-hardy broadleaf evergreen shrub with both attractive winter fruits and waxy          foliage

- can be sheared into various shapes

 

Pieris japonica

          -upright to spreading ornamental shrub, noted for its emerging bronzed foliage,   dark shiny evergreen mature foliage, showy floral buds that mature in late      Summer and are attractive in Autumn and Winter, and showy white (or pink)             inflorescences that bloom in early Spring

            -Prune in Spring after flowering.  Deadhead annually

 

Rhododendron    

          -small to medium-sized shrubs that flower prolifically in Spring, but are slow-     growing and require acidic, organic, moist, and well-drained soils in shady    situations

            -prune in late spring or early summer (variety specific), after flowering.  Prune    one year's growth immediately after flowering to maintain size; remove only dead      or diseased branches and deadhead; cut back hard to renovate, leaving balanced           framework of old wood

 

CONIFERS

 

Arborvitae     thuja

          -evergreen shrub, having cultivars that are narrow pyramidal, columnar, or globed          in shape

            -responds well to continuous shearing

 

 

Austrian Pine     pinus nigra

          -bold-textured, long-needled, and dark green pine tree

            -remove the unwanted candles 1/2 inch above the new growth and shape the tree          by removing those you don't want and leaving those you do for the shape

 

Birds Nest Spruce     picea abies

-a miniature spreading shrub with a depression in the center of the shrub

-prune new tips after they emerge in spring

 

Canadian Hemlock     tsuga canadensis

          -graceful, fine-textured, shade-tolerant evergreen tree that performs best in cool             and moist northern climates

            -Prune in spring and summer, if needed.  Withstands heavy pruning and shearing

 

Colorado Blue Spruce     Picea pungens

          -stately pyramidal evergreen tree that serves as a bold focal point in the             landscape, especially with the numerous silvery-blue, blue-green, or sky-blue foliaged cultivars

-prune if you wish to promote denser foliage. Prune off half of the fresh growth on each candle

 

Dwarf Alberta Spruce     picea glauca ‘conica'

          -small- to medium-sized, slow-growing pyramidal evergreen shrub that often      serves as a focal point in landscapes

            -best time to prune a spruce is the end of May

 

Juniper    juniperus

          - a very common evergreen woody plant for various groundcover, spreading     shrub, or upright shrub usages

        -Maintain shape or eliminate undergrowth of groundcover types by thinning       during the growing season. Do not cut into old wood because new growth will not occur.

 

Mugo Pine     pinus mugo

          -spreading, slow-growing evergreen shrub with ascending branches and relatively short needles 

          -shear newly emergent growth (candles) back halfway

 

Siberian Cypress    microbiota

-fine-textured evergreen woody groundcover that tolerates partial shade

-Prune anytime Nov. through Apr.

 

Taxus Yew     taxus media

          -a tough, drought-tolerant evergreen shrub with flat-needled shiny foliage, often spreading and used as a formal or informal hedge, especially at entranceways and foundations and very common in landscapes

            -smaller size can be maintained with trimming

 

DECIDUOUS

 

Dwarf  Burning Bush     euonymus alatus compactus

          -compact growing deciduous shrub with brilliant red foliage in fall

            -tolerates shearing and responds well to rejuvenation pruning in early spring

 

Bradford  Pear     pyrus calleryana

-Ornamental tree grown for its pyramidal, symmetrical growth habit that rapidly establishes in the landscape. Its glossy dense dark green foliage ripples in the breeze. Good but very late fall color. Best recognized for its white dense showy flowers in the spring.

            -Prune in winter or early spring

 

Butterfly Bush     buddlea davidii

            -profuse Summer-flowering shrub whose fragrant flowers attract many butterflies           and hummingbirds

            -prune annually removing the dead wood

 

Cotoneaster     cotoneaster apiculata

-low shrub or tall woody groundcover noted for its arching branches and spreading habit, small glossy foliage, and red fruits

-mulch thoroughly underneath shrub to prevent weeds from arising from beneath

 

Crimson Pygmy Barberry     berberis thunbergii atropurpurea

-spiny small shrub, of very fine texture and very urban tolerant, with a wide selection of foliage color varieties.

            -Tolerant of shearing

 

Flowering  Crabapple     malus

          -spectacular Spring floral display, various growth habits and sizes, and   Autumn/Winter fruits

            -best pruned from autumn to early spring before active growth begins

 

Forsythia

          -deciduous shrub with an abundance of golden-yellow flowers in early spring

            -tolerates heavy pruning

 

Golden Vicary Privet     ligustrum

          -Hedge or specimen shrub with brilliant gold deciduous foliage

          -amenable to shearing

 

 

 

 

Honeylocust     gleditsia triacanthos inermis

          -an urban tolerant tree, excellent for its filtered Summer shade and majestic        winter silhouette coupled with its bold texture

            -prune after fully leafed out

 

 

Hydrangea    hydrangea macrophylla

-rounded shrub with huge leaves and ball shaped flowers

-prune as soon as the flowers have faded

 

Japanese  Bloodgood  Maple     acer palmatum

          -focal point, specimen, foundation, entranceway, or raised planter small tree with           beautiful red foliage

-prune Japanese maples in late fall or winter, while they are dormant, removing any dead or damaged branches. They adapt well to pruning and are easily thinned and sculpted to accentuate their graceful shape. You may prune further to control the size, or create the shape which suits your landscape needs.

 

Kousa Dogwood     cornus kousa

          -multi-season small tree, noted for its early Summer long-lasting flowers, Autumn           fruits, good Summer foliage and occasional fall color

-may be pruned in early spring, but keep pruning to a minimum as wounds heal slowly

 

Lilac      syringa vulgaris

            - A medium to large hardy shrub with stout, spreading branches developing a somewhat oval to irregularly rounded crown. Showy, fragrant

            flowers.         

          - prune after flowering

   

 

Norway  Maple     acer platanoides

          -Norway maple is a deciduous tree that grows 40-60 feet tall

            -prune to remove dead, dying and, diseased limbs

 

Pin Oak     quercus palustris

-symmetrical shade tree that can tolerate dry or wet sites, with characteristic downswept lower branches and ascending upper branches

-Prune in winter or early spring

 

 

 

 

 

Potentilla      potentilla fruticosa

deciduous shrub that does best in full sun and will flower all summer if trimmed in late June or July

-Prune after flowering to keep plant shaped,  neat and compact

 

Purpleleaf  Sandcherry     prunus cistena

          -deciduous shrub with pinkish-white flowers in May with purple foliage

          -prune hard after flowering

 

 

Rose of  Sharon     hibiscus syriacus

-a shrub with large showy flowers (in single or double flowering form, with solid colors or bi-colors) that blooms all summer long and has a distinctive vase-shaped growth habit

-Prune in late winter or early spring

 

Serviceberry      amelanchier

-four-season plant of great ornamental value for spring flowers, summer fruits and autumn fall foliage color.

-train and prune the trunks and branches so they will not touch each other

 

Spirea     spiraea  japonica

          - compact small shrub that has multi-season appeal

          -Trim lightly after flowering for rebloom. Shape in summer or fall if needed

 

Star Magnolia     magnolia stellata

          -upright large shrub or small tree with layered  branches that create a mounding              effect with age. White showy spring flowers that emerge before the foliage

            -prune after blooming

 

Sweetspire     itea

-tough shrub with fragrant white mid-summer inflorescences that have a narrow bottlebrush appearance.  Tolerates both sun and shade

            - Prune to maintain desired form for summer flowering.  Flowers on old wood.      

            Cut back alternate branches to avoid a year with no blooms.

Weigela    

-small deciduous shrub that grows best in a sunny location with moist soil. The -flowers are long and are trumpet-shaped

-prune after flowering

 

 

 

Variegated  Redtwig  Dogwood    cornus alba

-colorful decidous shrub with green and white foliage and red stems.  Great winter interest with red twigs

            - performs best when regularly thinned

 

Viburnum     viburnum tomentosum

          -deciduous shrub with elegant beauty, flowering in late spring early summer

             -some varieties known for their intense fragrance

 

 

Virginia Summersweet     clethra

-Summer-flowering shrub that readily naturalizes in the border or makes a good foundation shrub and is excellent for wet sites in partial shade

-prune in early spring, as flowering occurs on new wood

 

ORNAMENTAL GRASS

 

Feather Reed Grass     calamagrostis

‘Karl Foerster'

            -Upright ornamental grass growing 3-5' with green foliage and bronze plums in        the summer

            - prune back to 4" above the crown in Spring

 

Fountain Grass     pennisetum

‘hameln'

            -compact ornamental grass with narrow arching foliage and attractive bristly       beige plums in late summer and fall. Flowers often referred as bunny tails

            -shear the dead foliage in spring

 

Maiden Grass     miscanthus

‘adagio'

-upright to arching ornamental grass, growing 2' with dwarf silvery foliage

-shear the dead foliage away in spring as new growth begins to appear.

‘purpurascens'

            -3-4' green foliage turning red in fall

 

 

 

 

 

VINES

 

Clematis

            -Herbaceous and deciduous twining vines covered with flowers June-September

            -prune hard late in Autumn or late Winter.  Most Clematis flower on new growth;          however, a few species or cultivars flower exclusively on old wood or previous      years growth

 

English Ivy     hedera

          -semi-woody evergreen groundcover or evergreen vine

            - mulch at transplanting to prevent weed establishment



 

New York State Certified Nursery & Landscape Professionals

CNLP/NYSNLA

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